HOMEWORK FROM FR. MATTHIAS – HOLY WEEK 2020 – MATTHEW 26-28
The Conspiracy Against Jesus.1* When Jesus finished all these words,* he said to his disciples,2a “You know that in two days’ time it will be Passover, and the Son of Man will be handed over to be crucified.”3* Then the chief priests and the elders of the people assembled in the palace of the high priest, who was called Caiaphas,4b and they consulted together to arrest Jesus by treachery and put him to death.5But they said, “Not during the festival,* that there may not be a riot among the people.”
The Anointing at Bethany.*6c Now when Jesus was in Bethany in the house of Simon the leper,7a woman came up to him with an alabaster jar of costly perfumed oil, and poured it on his head while he was reclining at table.8When the disciples saw this, they were indignant and said, “Why this waste?9It could have been sold for much, and the money given to the poor.”10Since Jesus knew this, he said to them, “Why do you make trouble for the woman? She has done a good thing for me.11d The poor you will always have with you; but you will not always have me.12* In pouring this perfumed oil upon my body, she did it to prepare me for burial.13Amen, I say to you, wherever this gospel is proclaimed in the whole world, what she has done will be spoken of, in memory of her.”
The Betrayal by Judas.14e Then one of the Twelve, who was called Judas Iscariot,* went to the chief priests15* f and said, “What are you willing to give me if I hand him over to you?” They paid him thirty pieces of silver,16and from that time on he looked for an opportunity to hand him over.
Preparations for the Passover.17g On the first day of the Feast of Unleavened Bread,* the disciples approached Jesus and said, “Where do you want us to prepare for you to eat the Passover?”h18* He said, “Go into the city to a certain man and tell him, ‘The teacher says, “My appointed time draws near; in your house I shall celebrate the Passover with my disciples.”’”19The disciples then did as Jesus had ordered, and prepared the Passover.
The Betrayer.20When it was evening, he reclined at table with the Twelve.21And while they were eating, he said, “Amen, I say to you, one of you will betray me.”*22Deeply distressed at this, they began to say to him one after another, “Surely it is not I, Lord?”23He said in reply, “He who has dipped his hand into the dish with me is the one who will betray me.24* i The Son of Man indeed goes, as it is written of him, but woe to that man by whom the Son of Man is betrayed. It would be better for that man if he had never been born.”25* Then Judas, his betrayer, said in reply, “Surely it is not I, Rabbi?” He answered, “You have said so.”
The Lord’s Supper.26* j While they were eating, Jesus took bread, said the blessing, broke it, and giving it to his disciples said, “Take and eat; this is my body.”* k27Then he took a cup, gave thanks,* and gave it to them, saying, “Drink from it, all of you,28l for this is my blood of the covenant, which will be shed on behalf of many for the forgiveness of sins.29* I tell you, from now on I shall not drink this fruit of the vine until the day when I drink it with you new in the kingdom of my Father.”30* Then, after singing a hymn, they went out to the Mount of Olives.
‘I will strike the shepherd,
and the sheep of the flock will be dispersed’;
32but after I have been raised up, I shall go before you to Galilee.”33Peter said to him in reply, “Though all may have their faith in you shaken, mine will never be.”34* o Jesus said to him, “Amen, I say to you, this very night before the cock crows, you will deny me three times.”p35Peter said to him, “Even though I should have to die with you, I will not deny you.” And all the disciples spoke likewise.
The Agony in the Garden.36* q Then Jesus came with them to a place called Gethsemane,*and he said to his disciples, “Sit here while I go over there and pray.”r37s He took along Peter and the two sons of Zebedee,* and began to feel sorrow and distress.38t Then he said to them, “My soul is sorrowful even to death.*Remain here and keep watch with me.”39u He advanced a little and fell prostrate in prayer, saying, “My Father,* if it is possible, let this cup pass from me; yet, not as I will, but as you will.”40When he returned to his disciples he found them asleep. He said to Peter, “So you could not keep watch with me for one hour?41Watch and pray that you may not undergo the test.* The spirit is willing, but the flesh is weak.”42* v Withdrawing a second time, he prayed again, “My Father, if it is not possible that this cup pass without my drinking it, your will be done!”43Then he returned once more and found them asleep, for they could not keep their eyes open.44He left them and withdrew again and prayed a third time, saying the same thing again.45w Then he returned to his disciples and said to them, “Are you still sleeping and taking your rest? Behold, the hour is at hand when the Son of Man is to be handed over to sinners.46Get up, let us go. Look, my betrayer is at hand.”
The Betrayal and Arrest of Jesus.47x While he was still speaking, Judas, one of the Twelve, arrived, accompanied by a large crowd, with swords and clubs, who had come from the chief priests and the elders of the people.48His betrayer had arranged a sign with them, saying, “The man I shall kiss is the one; arrest him.”49Immediately he went over to Jesus and said, “Hail, Rabbi!”*and he kissed him.50Jesus answered him, “Friend, do what you have come for.” Then stepping forward they laid hands on Jesus and arrested him.51And behold, one of those who accompanied Jesus put his hand to his sword, drew it, and struck the high priest’s servant, cutting off his ear.52Then Jesus said to him, “Put your sword back into its sheath, for all who take the sword will perish by the sword.53Do you think that I cannot call upon my Father and he will not provide me at this moment with more than twelve legions of angels?54But then how would the scriptures be fulfilled which say that it must come to pass in this way?”55* At that hour Jesus said to the crowds, “Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to seize me? Day after day I sat teaching in the temple area, yet you did not arrest me.56y But all this has come to pass that the writings of the prophets may be fulfilled.” Then all the disciples left him and fled.
Jesus Before the Sanhedrin.*57z Those who had arrested Jesus led him away to Caiaphas* the high priest, where the scribes and the elders were assembled.58Peter was following him at a distance as far as the high priest’s courtyard, and going inside he sat down with the servants to see the outcome.59The chief priests and the entire Sanhedrin* kept trying to obtain false testimony against Jesus in order to put him to death,60a but they found none, though many false witnesses came forward. Finally two* came forward61who stated, “This man said, ‘I can destroy the temple of God and within three days rebuild it.’”62The high priest rose and addressed him, “Have you no answer? What are these men testifying against you?”63b But Jesus was silent.* Then the high priest said to him, “I order you to tell us under oath before the living God whether you are the Messiah, the Son of God.”64c Jesus said to him in reply, “You have said so.* But I tell you:
From now on you will see ‘the Son of Man
seated at the right hand of the Power’
and ‘coming on the clouds of heaven.’”
65Then the high priest tore his robes and said, “He has blasphemed!* What further need have we of witnesses? You have now heard the blasphemy;66what is your opinion?” They said in reply, “He deserves to die!”67* d Then they spat in his face and struck him, while some slapped him,68saying, “Prophesy for us, Messiah: who is it that struck you?”
Peter’s Denial of Jesus.69e Now Peter was sitting outside in the courtyard. One of the maids came over to him and said, “You too were with Jesus the Galilean.”70* But he denied it in front of everyone, saying, “I do not know what you are talking about!”71As he went out to the gate, another girl saw him and said to those who were there, “This man was with Jesus the Nazorean.”72Again he denied it with an oath, “I do not know the man!”73* A little later the bystanders came over and said to Peter, “Surely you too are one of them; even your speech gives you away.”74At that he began to curse and to swear, “I do not know the man.” And immediately a cock crowed.75f Then Peter remembered the word that Jesus had spoken: “Before the cock crows you will deny me three times.” He went out and began to weep bitterly.
Jesus Before Pilate.
The Death of Judas.3b Then Judas, his betrayer, seeing that Jesus had been condemned, deeply regretted what he had done. He returned the thirty pieces of silver* to the chief priests and elders,c4saying, “I have sinned in betraying innocent blood.” They said, “What is that to us? Look to it yourself.”5* Flinging the money into the temple, he departed and went off and hanged himself.6The chief priests gathered up the money, but said, “It is not lawful to deposit this in the temple treasury, for it is the price of blood.”7After consultation, they used it to buy the potter’s field as a burial place for foreigners.8That is why that field even today is called the Field of Blood.9Then was fulfilled what had been said through Jeremiah the prophet,* “And they took the thirty pieces of silver, the value of a man with a price on his head, a price set by some of the Israelites,10d and they paid it out for the potter’s field just as the Lord had commanded me.”
Jesus Questioned by Pilate.11e Now Jesus stood before the governor, and he questioned him, “Are you the king of the Jews?”* Jesus said, “You say so.”12f And when he was accused by the chief priests and elders,* he made no answer.13Then Pilate said to him, “Do you not hear how many things they are testifying against you?”14But he did not answer him one word, so that the governor was greatly amazed.
The Sentence of Death.15* g Now on the occasion of the feast the governor was accustomed to release to the crowd one prisoner whom they wished.16* And at that time they had a notorious prisoner called [Jesus] Barabbas.17So when they had assembled, Pilate said to them, “Which one do you want me to release to you, [Jesus] Barabbas, or Jesus called Messiah?”18* For he knew that it was out of envy that they had handed him over.19* While he was still seated on the bench, his wife sent him a message, “Have nothing to do with that righteous man. I suffered much in a dream today because of him.”20h The chief priests and the elders persuaded the crowds to ask for Barabbas but to destroy Jesus.21The governor said to them in reply, “Which of the two do you want me to release to you?” They answered, “Barabbas!”22* Pilate said to them, “Then what shall I do with Jesus called Messiah?” They all said, “Let him be crucified!”23But he said, “Why? What evil has he done?” They only shouted the louder, “Let him be crucified!”24* i When Pilate saw that he was not succeeding at all, but that a riot was breaking out instead, he took water and washed his hands in the sight of the crowd, saying, “I am innocent of this man’s blood. Look to it yourselves.”25And the whole people said in reply, “His blood be upon us and upon our children.”26Then he released Barabbas to them, but after he had Jesus scourged,* he handed him over to be crucified.
Mockery by the Soldiers.27j Then the soldiers of the governor took Jesus inside the praetorium* and gathered the whole cohort around him.28They stripped off his clothes and threw a scarlet military cloak*about him.29k Weaving a crown out of thorns,* they placed it on his head, and a reed in his right hand. And kneeling before him, they mocked him, saying, “Hail, King of the Jews!”30l They spat upon him* and took the reed and kept striking him on the head.31And when they had mocked him, they stripped him of the cloak, dressed him in his own clothes, and led him off to crucify him.
The Crucifixion.33n And when they came to a place called Golgotha (which means Place of the Skull),34o they gave Jesus wine to drink mixed with gall.* But when he had tasted it, he refused to drink.35p After they had crucified him, they divided his garments* by casting lots;36then they sat down and kept watch over him there.37And they placed over his head the written charge* against him: This is Jesus, the King of the Jews.38Two revolutionaries* were crucified with him, one on his right and the other on his left.39* q Those passing by reviled him, shaking their heads40r and saying, “You who would destroy the temple and rebuild it in three days, save yourself, if you are the Son of God, [and] come down from the cross!”41Likewise the chief priests with the scribes and elders mocked him and said,42“He saved others; he cannot save himself. So he is the king of Israel!* Let him come down from the cross now, and we will believe in him.43* s He trusted in God; let him deliver him now if he wants him. For he said, ‘I am the Son of God.’”44The revolutionaries who were crucified with him also kept abusing him in the same way.
The Death of Jesus.45* t From noon onward,u darkness came over the whole land until three in the afternoon.46v And about three o’clock Jesus cried out in a loud voice, “Eli, Eli, lema sabachthani?”* which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?”47* Some of the bystanders who heard it said, “This one is calling for Elijah.”48w Immediately one of them ran to get a sponge; he soaked it in wine, and putting it on a reed, gave it to him to drink.49But the rest said, “Wait, let us see if Elijah comes to save him.”50* But Jesus cried out again in a loud voice, and gave up his spirit.51x And behold, the veil of the sanctuary was torn in two from top to bottom.* The earth quaked, rocks were split,52y tombs were opened, and the bodies of many saints who had fallen asleep were raised.53And coming forth from their tombs after his resurrection, they entered the holy city and appeared to many.54* The centurion and the men with him who were keeping watch over Jesus feared greatly when they saw the earthquake and all that was happening, and they said, “Truly, this was the Son of God!”55There were many women there, looking on from a distance,*who had followed Jesus from Galilee, ministering to him.56z Among them were Mary Magdalene and Mary the mother of James and Joseph, and the mother of the sons of Zebedee.
The Burial of Jesus.*57a When it was evening, there came a rich man from Arimathea named Joseph, who was himself a disciple of Jesus.b58He went to Pilate and asked for the body of Jesus; then Pilate ordered it to be handed over.59Taking the body, Joseph wrapped it [in] clean linen60and laid it in his new tomb that he had hewn in the rock. Then he rolled a huge stone across the entrance to the tomb and departed.61But Mary Magdalene and the other Mary remained sitting there, facing the tomb.
The Guard at the Tomb.*62The next day, the one following the day of preparation,* the chief priests and the Pharisees gathered before Pilate63c and said, “Sir, we remember that this impostor while still alive said, ‘After three days I will be raised up.’64Give orders, then, that the grave be secured until the third day, lest his disciples come and steal him and say to the people, ‘He has been raised from the dead.’ This last imposture would be worse than the first.”*65Pilate said to them, “The guard is yours;* go secure it as best you can.”66So they went and secured the tomb by fixing a seal to the stone and setting the guard.
1a After the sabbath, as the first day of the week was dawning,*Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb.2* b And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, approached, rolled back the stone, and sat upon it.3c His appearance was like lightning and his clothing was white as snow.4The guards were shaken with fear of him and became like dead men.5Then the angel said to the women in reply, “Do not be afraid! I know that you are seeking Jesus the crucified.6* He is not here, for he has been raised just as he said. Come and see the place where he lay.7d Then go quickly and tell his disciples, ‘He has been raised from the dead, and he is going before you to Galilee; there you will see him.’ Behold, I have told you.”8Then they went away quickly from the tomb, fearful yet overjoyed, and ran to announce* this to his disciples.9* e And behold, Jesus met them on their way and greeted them. They approached, embraced his feet, and did him homage.10Then Jesus said to them, “Do not be afraid. Go tell my brothers to go to Galilee, and there they will see me.”
The Report of the Guard.*11While they were going, some of the guard went into the city and told the chief priests all that had happened.12They assembled with the elders and took counsel; then they gave a large sum of money to the soldiers,13telling them, “You are to say, ‘His disciples came by night and stole him while we were asleep.’14And if this gets to the ears of the governor, we will satisfy [him] and keep you out of trouble.”15The soldiers took the money and did as they were instructed. And this story has circulated among the Jews to the present [day].
The Commissioning of the Disciples.*16f The eleven* disciples went to Galilee, to the mountain to which Jesus had ordered them.17* When they saw him, they worshiped, but they doubted.18* g Then Jesus approached and said to them, “All power in heaven and on earth has been given to me.19h Go, therefore,* and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the holy Spirit,20